Australian Wildlife Conservancy

Scotia Sanctuary

Scotia SanctuaryScotia Sanctuary
65,000 ha (160,550 acres)
Murray Darling Depression
  • Mammals: 20
  • Birds: 145
  • Reptiles: 47
  • Amphibians: 2
Threatened Wildlife
At least 44 species, including:
  • Bridled Nail-tail Wallaby
  • Greater Bilby
  • Mala (Rufous Hare Wallaby)
  • Malleefowl
At least 331 species
Threatened Plants
At least 9 species
Threatened Ecosystems
Assessment underway
Ecosystems Not Protected in National Parks
Assessment underway
Ecosystems Inadequately Protected in National Parks


Assessment underway

Major On-Ground Programs
  • Biodiversity surveys and monitoring
  • Biodiversity research (mammal reintroduction methodologies, feral predator control techniques and methodologies, semi-arid mammal ecology)
  • Feral animal control (cats, foxes, goats, rabbits; construction of 12,000 ha feral free area)
  • Fire management
  • Threatened species reintroductions

As is the case throughout the arid and semi-arid areas of Australia, most of Scotia ’s original medium-sized mammal fauna is either extinct or regionally extinct. To address this situation AWC has initiated the Scotia Endangered Mammal Recovery Project, which will establish wild, self-sustaining populations of threatened mammal species, in the largest feral-free area on mainland Australia. The restoration of a significant proportion of the original mammal fauna to an area of semi-arid western New South Wales will represent an historic moment for wildlife conservation in Australia.

Scotia Sanctuary also supports a rich and diverse faunal assemblage. Threatened species include:

  • the black-eared miner,
  • southern ningaui and
  • painted burrowing frog.  

Scotia sanctuary is also significant for the presence of extensive areas of old-growth mallee, which is now rare and highly fragmented, but upon which many threatened fauna species are reliant.