Covering 262,000 hectares, and located near the intersection of three central Australian bioregions, Newhaven Wildlife Sanctuary is one of Australia’s largest non-government protected areas.
The scenery at Newhaven is spectacular: dramatic quartzite mountains overlook extensive parallel sand dunes and shimmering salt lakes and clay pans. Decorated by mulga woodlands, rich spinifex sandplains and large areas of bloodwood and desert oak, Newhaven is also a hotspot for the wildlife of central Australia. Threatened species include the Black-footed Rock-wallaby, the Brush-tailed Mulgara and an important population of the Great Desert Skink.
Newhaven is renowned as a key arid zone bird watching destination. Supporting 170 species of birds, the property was originally purchased by Birdlife Australia before being transferred to AWC in 2006. Birdlife continue to work in partnership with AWC at Newhaven.
An historic native title consent determination in 2010 recognised the Ngalia Warlpiri people as the traditional owners of Newhaven and they remain actively involved in its management, participating in AWC’s delivery of major land management and science programs such as fire management, feral animal control and biological surveys.
Newhaven Wildlife Sanctuary is set to host a project of global biodiversity significance – the establishment of a massive feral cat-free area covering at least 650 square kilometres (65,000 hectares). This will be the planet’s largest feral cat eradication project. The first stage of the Newhaven project (8,000 - 15,000 ha) will create a refuge for large, wild populations of at least 10 nationally threatened mammal species including the Mala (currently extinct in the wild), the Central Rock Rat and the Golden Bandicoot. Read more about the Newhaven Feral Eradication Project.
The range and quality of habitats across Newhaven protect a stunning diversity of arid zone birdlife. In the north, the piping calls of Grey Shrike Thrush and Pied Butcher Birds echo in the gorges of Newhaven’s rugged quartzite ranges, while the trill calls of the Dusky Grasswren or the Spinifex Bird are often heard on the edge of the ranges. Further south, Princess Parrots grace the woodlands on their nomadic desert flights. Other arid zone specialist species include the Banded Whiteface, Rufus-crowned Emu-wren, Slaty-backed Thornbill, Grey Honeyeater and the Redthroat.
The mammal fauna of Newhaven is also exceptional. The MacDonnell Ranges race of the Black-footed Rock-wallaby (Petrogale lateralis ssp), which is now absent from Uluru and Kata Tjuta and declining elsewhere, is still present on the Quartzite ranges of Newhaven. Other threatened mammals include a significant population of the Brush-tailed Mulgara, the Southern Marsupial Mole and a range of native rodents and small marsupials such as the carnivorous Fat-tailed False Antechinus. The Greater Bilby is possibly still present at Newhaven, which also lies within the former range of at least two other endangered mammals which AWC plans to reintroduce: the Burrowing Bettong and the Mala.
The reptile fauna features Australia’s smallest goanna – the diminutive Short-tailed Pygmy Monitor - and our largest goanna - the massive Perentie - within a rich reptile fauna of 75 species. Of particular note, Newhaven protects one of the largest known populations of the nationally vulnerable Great Desert Skink.
Populations of many small mammals, particularly the native rodents, will “boom” during the wetter years. During these wetter seasons, the property is adorned by a network of ephemeral lakes which become breeding sites for migratory birds as well as species such as the burrowing frogs that have been lying dormant under the sand waiting for rain.
AWC is the only conservation organisation to measure, in a robust scientific manner, the ecological health of a network of sanctuaries in Australia. At Newhaven, we undertake more than 8,000 live trap nights, 200 bird surveys and 60 site-based vegetation surveys each year – as well as extensive sandplot surveys for feral predators – to measure a suite of ecological health indicators including:
Our performance against these indicators provides rigorous scientific data which enables us to track the ecological health of Newhaven.
Newhaven is the only non-government protected area dedicated to biodiversity conservation in central Australia.
The rugged ranges, salt lakes and sand plains of Newhaven are the traditional lands of the Ngalia Warlpiri people. Many Aboriginal people still maintain strong cultural links to the area and in 2010 a historic Native Title consent determination was formally approved by the Federal Court in a special sitting at Newhaven.
An enormous wind-driven sand blanket covers much of central Australia, but at Newhaven, shimmering salt lakes, pastel ochre clay pans, vibrant red parallel dunes, undulating calcareous plains, and dramatic purple-red quartzite mountains cut with scarps and gorges punctuate the view. Each of these landforms supports its own diverse range of plant communities that vary in response to topography, soil, and fire history. These communities create a scattered patchwork of textured greens yellows and greys, providing stark contrast to the colours of the underlying terrain.
Parallel sand ridges, described by an explorer as “an ocean of spinifex covered sand waves” characterise the southern-most parts of Newhaven. Further north, an extensive system of salt lakes lay strewn along an ancient calcareous drainage line from east to west across the property, culminating in the 16 kilometre long Lake Bennett. The lakes rarely contain water, filling only after periods of intense rainfall.
A crescent of bluff-edged ranges dominate the north eastern corner of Newhaven, rising to 800 m above the plains. Black-footed rock wallabies survive among the rugged boulder fields and gorges of these mountains.
Newhaven is in the arid zone of central Australia, however the climate of the area is influenced by the tropics to the north. High levels of spatial and temporal variability in rainfall characterise the region, however rainfall is most common within the summer months. Decadal scale cycles, varying greatly in length, of El Niño driven below average rainfall, unpredictably broken by very high rainfall events are the key feature of arid zone ecosystems. This climatic variability has driven the evolution of a suite of fauna and fauna specially adapted to these boom and bust patterns.
Newhaven Sanctuary sits on the eastern edge of the Great Sandy Desert Bioregion. Significantly, the property is located in a ‘transition zone’, very close to the boundary of both the Burt Plain and MacDonnell Ranges Bioregions.
Its location near the confluence of three bioregions is a factor in the property’s overall diversity. Broad vegetation mapping has identified at least 23 different ecosystems, all of which are either threatened or completely unreserved, or poorly reserved, within the government national park system.
Spinifex sandplain dominates the landscape. These vast sandplains are broken by a chain of shimmering salt lakes through the centre of the property; the fringes of these lakes are home to unique communities of salt adapted plants. Elsewhere, the property features large areas of bloodwood sandplains and dunefields dotted with stands of majestic desert oaks.
A vibrant red parallel dune field in the south of the property merges with calcrete grasslands supporting majestic Ghost gums. In the north, run-off from the dramatic quartzite ranges support small but significant patches of Mulga woodland.
Over 650 plant species have been confirmed on Newhaven. Of these, 51 species are identified by the NT Government as being of conservation significance, including three that are nationally threatened and 15 that are classified as threatened in the NT.
Josef Schofield is the Newhaven Sanctuary Manager, project managing the reintroduction project, co-ordinating and delivering the year round conservation land management program and supporting the science program.
The conservation land management program is delivered by Joe and Conservation Land Management Officers, Thomas Craig and Shane Fewtrell.
The predator eradication is delivered by Murray Schofield, Liam Orrock and Christine Ellis.
The Newhaven Indigenous Rangers team is currently Christine Ellis, Alice Henwood, Benedict Mosquito and Duncan Jangala. The ranger team support the conservation land management team, particularly the feral predator control program.
The science program is by overseen by David Roshier and delivered by Keith Bellchambers, Danae Moore, Dympna Cullen and Leah Kemp.
Over 50 volunteers assist in the management of Newhaven each year. In addition, there are a number of seasonal staff, students and interns who assist in delivering both the science and land management program.
Newhaven Sanctuary has a campground which is open to visitors during the cooler winter season (April – September). A series of self-guided tours have been established allowing visitors to independently explore this diverse arid landscape at their own pace. Comprehensive interpretive notes accompany these tours providing an informative background to each journey.
Some established routes have been changed due to the completion of Stage 1 of the Newhaven Endangered Wildlife Restoration Project. Encompassing 9,390 hectares, the sanctuary will become the largest feral predator-free area on mainland Australia and home to 11 threatened mammal species, and is off-limits to visitors. Outside of this area, there is nearly 300 kilometres of tour routes to explore.
A number of short walks provide an opportunity for bird watching within Mulga woodlands or a brief climb up one of the nearby hills gives a spectacular view of the vastness of the desert.
Unpowered camping sites are available with shower and toilet facilities and drinking water.
Please note: The campground at Newhaven Sanctuary is open from 1st April to 28th April, and 13th May to 30th September, in 2018. It is closed all other dates in 2018.
Bookings are essential, as there are limited camping facilities. Camping fees are $10/person/night (cash payments only—collected on site). Self-guided tours are available at Newhaven. To make a booking or enquiry, please phone +61 8 8964 6000 or email email@example.com.