Since European settlement, the wildlife of the Murray-Darling region has been devastated by feral predators, habitat loss and the impact of feral herbivores. In Western NSW, almost half of all mammal species (excluding bats) have disappeared. Most National Parks in the region are, in effect, marsupial ghost towns: they lost the majority of their small-medium sized mammal species almost a century ago.
Scotia represents a beacon of hope within the region. Partly because it was the last property taken up for pastoralism in NSW (and so has a very short history of grazing), its habitats are in good condition and support a stunning diversity of wildlife.
More importantly, AWC has established at Scotia the largest fox and cat-free area on mainland Australia. Within this 8,000 hectare “mainland island”, AWC has re-established wild, self-sustaining populations of 6 nationally threatened mammals:
- Bilby: the population of Bilbies is now almost 2,000.
- Numbat: the population of Numbats is estimated at around 200 animals.
- Bridled Nailtail Wallaby: over 2,500 animals occur on Scotia, representing more than 80% of the entire population.
- Brush-tailed Bettongs: AWC estimates over 400 Brush-tailed Bettongs occur on Scotia.
- Burrowing Bettongs: the population of Burrowing Bettongs is more than 2,000.
- Greater Stick-nest Rats: no current population estimate is available.
For these animals, Scotia represents a vital project helping to safeguard them from extinction.
Scotia also protects a population of mainland Mala (Rufous Hare-wallaby), a species that is listed as extinct in the wild on mainland Australia.
Outside of this 8,000 hectare feral-free area, AWC’s program of landscape-scale feral animal control and fire management across 64,000 hectares protects a wealth of other inland biodiversity including:
- A diversity of small mammals including threatened species such as Southern Ningaui and Bolam’s Mouse.
- Over 170 bird species including specials such as Malleefowl, Major Mitchell’s Cockatoo, Redthroat, Striated Grasswren, Pied Honeyeater and Chestnut Quail-thrush.
- Over 50 reptiles including threatened species such as the Western Blue-tongue and the Marbled Delma.
Click below to view the list of wildlife species at Scotia:
Mammals List | Birds List | Reptiles List | Amphibians List | Threatened List