Range and abundance
The Antilopine Wallaroo is found across the higher rainfall areas of northern Australia, from the Kimberley to the Gulf of Carpentaria, another population occurs in the central-north of Cape York. It is relatively common and generally found in open woodland on flat or gently undulating terrain.
The Antilopine Wallaroo is a large and elegant looking kangaroo with a slender face and doe like eyes. It grows to a head-body length of up to 1.2 m in males and 0.8 m in females, and has a long tail (65 – 90 cm). Females weigh up to 20 kg, while males are on average 37 kg. Males are coloured reddish-tan above and white below, while females are usually pale grey above.
Antilopine Wallaroos are found in monsoonal tropical woodlands where the understorey is dominated by perennial grasses. On hot days, they seek shade under trees or bushes and rest usually within the vicinity of waterholes. As the day cools they emerge from shelter to consume their diet of grasses. They likely breed throughout the year with a peak towards the end of the wet-season. Females give birth to one young at a time.
There is little evidence that the Antilopine Wallaroo has declined since European settlement. Potential threats to the kangaroo may be a change in fire regimes - especially an increase in hot and widespread wildfires – as well as grazing by livestock and feral herbivores. These threats would decrease the abundance of perennial grasses upon which the Antilopine grazes.
What is AWC doing?
The Antilopine Wallaroo is protected on AWC’s sanctuaries by fire management programs and the control of introduced herbivores. AWC’s program of prescribed burning is designed to increase the extent of long unburnt vegetation (including grasses), increase the patchiness of burns and decrease the extent of the properties that are burnt each year. This, along with control of feral herbivore numbers, will help to promote growth of perennial grasses upon which the Antilopine grazes.